Piacentini, Marcello


Piacentini, Marcello
(1881–1960)
   The son of a Roman architect, Marcello Piacentini is the best-known exponent of architecture celebrating the Fascist revolution, what he called the “national road to architecture.” Whether or not one approves of his politics, no one can dispute that Piacentini’s buildings were striking. His monument to victory in World War Iin German-speaking Bolzano is a physically massive reminder of the defeat that Austria had suffered. It remains intensely unpopular in Bolzano for this reason. His central administration building for Rome’s La Sapienza University is a huge edifice, with an imposing entrance flanked by monumental pillars. In 1938, Piacentini was given the task of building EUR (Esposizione Universale di Roma), a new town on the outskirts of Rome that would celebrate the 20th anniversary of the fascist revolution. The project was only completed after the war, but it contains buildings that were the culmination of Piacentini’s work. The Colosseo Quadrato, with its huge buildings, their flat facades all embedded with oppressively numerous rows of windows, is the concrete manifestation of the paintings of Giorgio De Chirico. EUR has an impact on the senses even today: fascist architecture recalls to us the gigantic ambitions (or delusions of grandeur) the regime had for the Italian people. Piacentini died in Rome in 1960.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • PIACENTINI, Marcello — (1881 1960)    See RATIONALISM …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Piacentini — Marcello Piacentini (* 08. Dezember 1881 in Rom; † 19. Mai 1960 in Rom) war ein italienischer Architekt, der während des faschistischen Regimes zum ersten Staatsarchitekten Mussolinis avancierte. Schon sein Vater, Pio Piacentini (1846 1928), war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Marcello Piacentini — Rectorado de la Universidad de La Sapienza de Roma, obra de Piacentini. Marcello Piacentini (Roma, 8 de diciembre de 1881 Roma, 19 de mayo de 1960) fue un arquitecto y urbanista italiano. Durante …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Marcello Piacentini — Présentation Naissance 8 décembre 1881 Rome Décès 19 mai 1960 (à 79 ans) Rome Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marcello — ist ein italienischer männlicher Vorname sowie Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 Künstlername 4 Fami …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piacentini —   [piatʃen tiːni], Marcello, italienischer Architekt, * Rom 8. 12. 1881, ✝ ebenda 19. 5. 1960; arbeitete mit dem Formenvokabular des Neoklassizismus als führender Architekt des faschistischen Italien.   Werke: Albergo degli Ambasciatori, Rom… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pio Piacentini — Marcello Piacentini Présentation Naissance 1846 Rome Décès 1928 (à 82 ans) Rome Nationalité   …   Wikipédia en Français

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